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Causes of Bleeding Gums

BY East Cobb Family Dentistry

Bleeding gums can be unsightly and painful. If you find that your gums bleed, particularly when you brush and floss your teeth, it's important to figure out the cause. There are several dental issues that can cause bleeding gums. The five main culprits are poor dental hygiene, gingivitis, bleeding disorders, changes in hormones or pregnancy and periodontal disease. When you visit your Marietta dentist mention any problems that you are having with your gums and they can help you identify the cause.

Poor Dental Hygiene

This is the most common cause of bleeding gums and is also the easiest to fix. If you are not using proper techniques when brushing then plaque and tartar will build-up. Also, if you are not properly flossing and cleaning under the gum line you can develop bleeding gums and soreness. Keep in mind that brushing or flossing too aggressively can also cause bleeding.


Gingivitis is indicated by inflammation of the gums. Inflamed gums can be painful and bleed easily. If gingivitis is left unchecked it can lead to more serious dental problems. Many of us have had gingivitis at one time or another, but regular dental cleanings to remove plaque and tartar build-up is the best way to keep gingivitis from getting out of hand. During your visit to your Marietta dentist they will teach you how to properly floss and discuss diet changes that will help you avoid gingivitis.

Bleeding Disorders

There are some health conditions, and even medications, that can cause your gums to bleed. Whenever you visit your dentist in Marietta make sure he or she is aware of any health issues. You should also provide a list of all medications that you are prescribed as well as any vitamin or mineral supplements you may take.

Hormonal Changes and Pregnancy

Fluctuations in hormone levels can cause bleeding gums due to increased blood flow. This is particularly common during pregnancy when women can develop “pregnancy gingivitis”. Also during pregnancy, hormonal changes can alter the way the body deals with bacteria. Good dental hygiene during pregnancy is very important to keep your gums and teeth healthy.

Periodontal Disease

If you leave gingivitis untreated you can develop periodontal disease. Periodontal disease not only affects your gums, but it can spread into the bone and tissue under the tooth. This leads to serious dental problems and you may even notice pus around your gums. Untreated, periodontal disease can lead to severe tooth decay and even cause you to lose teeth.The best way to avoid bleeding gums in the first place is to eat a balanced diet and limit refined carbohydrates and sugars. Drink plenty of water and develop techniques that will help you properly care for your teeth and gums. Visiting dentists in Marietta for regular check-ups and cleanings will also help keep your teeth and gums healthy. During your next visit to East Cobb Dentistry ask for tips on proper brushing and flossing techniques that will help keep your smile bright.

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